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Title: Relationships between neuropsychological and antisaccade measures in multiple sclerosis patients
Author: Ferreira, MB
Pereira, PAl
Parreira, M
Sousa, I
Figueiredo, J
Cerqueira, JJ
Macedo, AF
Keywords: Esclerose Múltipla
Movimentos Sacádicos
Testes Neuropsicológicos
Issue Date: 2018
Citation: PeerJ. 2018 Oct 4;6:e5737.
Abstract: BACKGROUND: The Stroop test is frequently used to assess deficits in inhibitory control in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). This test has limitations and antisaccade eye movements, that also measure inhibitory control, may be an alternative to Stroop. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was twofold: (i) to investigate if the performance in the antisaccade task is altered in patients with MS and (ii) to investigate the correlation between performances in neuropsychological tests, the Stroop test and the antisaccade task. METHODS: We measured antisaccades (AS) parameters with an infrared eye tracker (SMIRED 250 Hz) using a standard AS paradigm. A total of 38 subjects diagnosed with MS and 38 age and gender matched controls participated in this study. Neuropsychological measures were obtained from the MS group. RESULTS: Patients with MS have higher error rates and prolonged latency than controls in the antisaccade task. There was a consistent association between the Stroop performance and AS latency. Stroop performance but not AS latency was associated with other neuropsychological measures in which the MS group showed deficits. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that AS may be a selective and independent measure to investigate inhibitory control in patients with MS. More studies are necessary to confirm our results and to describe brain correlates associated with impaired performance in the antisaccade task in people diagnosed with MS..
Peer review: yes
DOI: 10.7717/peerj.5737
Appears in Collections:HB - NEU - Artigos
CCA - Artigos

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